At the request of the United Nations, more than 70 countries signed their commitments to zero net emissions by 2050 following the climate change summit in New York last September. Singapore, in its current form, has pledged to achieve zero “as soon as possible in the second half of the century.” On November 4, 2019, the United States informed the custodian of its withdrawal from the agreement, which will take effect exactly one year after that date.  In Lima, Peru, the parties agreed on various ground rules to guide the presentation of their respective contributions to the global climate agreement. Commitments made by both developed and developing countries before and during the COP also exceeded the funding of the new Green Climate Fund (GCF) beyond an initial target of $10 billion. The Convention on Climate Change enjoys almost universal support, making it one of the most supported international agreements in the world by the United Nations. Prior to the UNFCCC climate conference in Copenhagen in 2009, Singapore committed to reducing our greenhouse gas emissions by 16% below the status quo (BAU) level by 2020, based on a legally binding global agreement in which all countries would implement their commitments in good faith. In accordance with the agreement adopted in Paris in December 2015, Singapore has committed to reduce our emission intensity by 36% by 2030 from 2005 levels and to stabilize our greenhouse gas emissions with a view to peaking in 2030. Since November 2020, 194 states and the European Union have signed the agreement. 188 countries and the EU, which account for about 79% of global greenhouse gas emissions, have ratified the agreement or have joined the agreement, including China and India, the countries with the first and third CO2 emissions among UNFCCC members.    All 197 UNFCCC members have signed or joined. The EU and its member states are individually responsible for ratifying the Paris Agreement. There was a strong preference for the EU and its 28 Member States to simultaneously table their ratification instruments to ensure that neither the EU nor its Member States commit to obligations that belong exclusively to the other and there was concern that there was a disagreement over each Member State`s share of the EU-wide reduction target. just as Britain`s vote to leave the EU could delay the Paris pact. However, on 4 October 2016, the European Parliament approved the ratification of the Paris Agreement and the EU tabled its ratification instruments on 5 October 2016 with several EU Member States.  The latest commitment announced by SM Teo is absolute in comparison.